Science Overview

The 14 Big Ideas of Science

Our KS3 and KS4 curriculum is carefully planned to allow all learners to maximise their potential and foster a lifelong love of science and its role in a developing society. We use the following principles to plan and review our schemes of work to deliver the best possible outcomes for all students. This list was produced by research conducted by the Association for Science Education and represents years of university analysis of what makes the most effective science provision.

These principles underpin all of science lessons delivered at Freebrough Academy.

big ideas of science

big ideas about science




Key Stage 3 Science

KS3 has been divided into a number of three week mini projects and we are fully ready for the new KS3 curriculum and planned qualification routes in the future.

Freebrough Academy, Linden Road, Brotton. Photographed by Michelle Maddison Photography 07798724746








Year 7 Topics

  • Particulate nature of matter and atoms.  Elements, compounds and mixtures – pure and impure
  • Particle model
  • Cells and organisation
  • Reproduction
  • Energy changes and transfers
  • Current and static electricity
  • Chemical reaction, energetics and materials
  • Skeletal and muscular systems, nutrition and digestion
  • Relationships in ecosystems
  • Magnetism
  • Balanced and unbalanced forces and motion



Year 8 Topics

  • Periodic Table
  • Earth and atmosphere
  • Inheritance, chromosomes, DNA and genes
  • Describing motions and forces
  • Gas exchange systems
  • Photosynthesis and cellular respiration
  • Matter
  • Space physics
  • Observed waves, sound waves and energy waves
  • Light waves
  • Changes in systems
  • Fuel costs in a domestic setting
  • Pressure



Year 9 Topics

  • Genetics
  • Disease
  • Space
  • Chemicals
  • Energy
  • Human activities
  • After May half term this year group begin to study for GCSE science

Y9 Accelerated Science Programme

Please click on the links below to access useful resources:

Documentary on Earthquakes

Documentary on Search fo Extra Terrestrial Intelligence

Brain Cox explaining the Evidence for the Big Bang Theory

Brian Cox explains how stars are formed

Brian Cox demonstrates the speed of light

Brian Cox explains looking back in time

Brian Cox explains how we know what stars are made from

Richard Hammond’s Journey to the Centre of the Planet

Revision notes for January exam

Past exam papers & mark schemes



Key Stage 4 Science options

OCR 21st Century Science suite:

Core Science
Additional Science
Additional Applied Science
Edexcel Btec  in Principles of Science
OCR GCSE Psychology
AQA AS level Human Biology